The modern orientation of kindergarten garden design


  • Ghufran Khudhair University of Baghdad, Baghdad,IRAQ Author
  • Sada Jasim University of Baghdad, Baghdad,IRAQ Author


design, , external  spaces, modern orientation, kindergarten


          Outdoor spaces in kindergartens are distinguished by characteristics that distinguish them from other types of spaces in terms of their multiple functions and uses. As it helps the child to discover the world that surrounds him and to acquire a lot of information and facts about things in the environment in which he lives. Because of the lack of a clear and comprehensive conception of the design indicators and the local standards that must be met in the outdoor spaces of the kindergarten. Therefore, the thesis aimed to develop a theoretical basis and design indicators based on to design these spaces, the research was designed by selecting several kindergartens in the city of Baghdad for the purposes of scientific study, information on research samples was obtained according to five tools for collecting information, namely on-site observation during the field visit to the sites of study samples, personal interview, and the preparation of kindergarten distribution maps according to systems. Geographical information, analyzing architectural plans, and a questionnaire was adopted and distributed to a random sample of teachers, and after collecting it, the data was unloaded using the Microsoft Office Excel program. A dimension analysis was conducted on the results obtained from the questionnaire using the Complete Linkage Method, which is one of the most important methods. Hierarchical Agglomerative Method using a computer based on the statistical program SPSS, and the results of the study showed the convergence of the topics , and the parameters clarified the goal of using external spaces to gain experiences and love of nature and learn new skills such as planting flowers of various kinds, how to pick and care for them, and their isolation from the topic in which it called for introducing the child to the shadow in the outer space through trees and shrubs, climbers, and hanging baskets, and their preference for highs and lows as elements of excitement in the child's space, play and entertainment among the activities that you find suitable for the child in the outer space. It  found that the closest  topics  to each other that the teachers called for developing educational ideas for children through the existence of a dedicated space where children can draw in colors on holders with fixed papers in the space as well as a dedicated area of ​​sand, natural shapes and carvings of various shapes, sizes and seashells, and counting it as a means of  attracting the child's attention by the colors of birds, fish, as well as the availability of space for the child to play with sand while they are in the outer space. As for the most important activities that the teacher finds suitable for her practice by children in the outer space is watching nature and reading stories with the presence of green spaces, and children get used to order, work and cooperation with their peers as well as scientific views to develop the child's scientific and practical experiences